Amit S Sontakke and Kailash R Biyani
Background: The goal of this study was to conduct Pharmacognostical testing, preliminary phytochemical testing, standardization, and heavy metal analysis on an antidiabetic polyherbal formulation. Momordica charantia (fruits), Eugenia jambolana (fruits), Trigonella foenum graceum (seeds), Gymnema sylvestre (leaves) and Garcinia cambogia (fruits) were used to make the formulation, and each herb has a scientific basis in treating diabetes.
Materials and Methods: Standard techniques were used to assess the formulation's pharmacognostical and phytochemical characteristics.
Results: Organoleptic and macroscopic characteristics such as colour, odour, taste, size, and shape are evaluated in pharmacognostical evaluations, while ash levels, extractive values, and loss on drying are considered and documented under standardisation parameters. The extract contained alkaloids, tannins, saponins, flavonoids, steroids, glycosides, and sugars according to phytochemical analysis. The formulation adheres to heavy metal's standard parameters.
Conclusion: The findings of this study support the use of aqueous extracts of polyherbal formulations in ethnomedicine, favouring the extraction of antidiabetic compounds from polyherbal formulation extracts. All of the assessment metrics utilised in the study can be used to standardise the above-mentioned formulation because the study was done in a controlled and authenticated manner.
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